Download A History of Nerve Functions: From Animal Spirits to by Sidney Ochs PDF

By Sidney Ochs

Sidney Ochs starts off his survey with a chronological examine the background of nerves from the 5th century B.C. to the early eighteenth century to illustrate the improvement of our wisdom of the molecular mechanisms of neuronal functionality. Ochs then adopts a thematic strategy, contemplating key issues from the eighteenth century to the current. the amount will function a useful source for historians of neuroscience and drugs, philosophers of technological know-how and medication, and neuroscientists.

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Asked to explain the phenomenon, St. Augustine’s position was that the soul is not contained in any place. It can be divided so that each portion remains with a piece of the body. That was shown by their movement, which was taken as evidence of life. , p. 189. (Waddell, 1934). Waddell has given an engaging account of the remaining vitality of classical literature in the Middle Ages and its inspiration for some in the church along with the wandering scholars and poets who played a part in spreading its influence.

Siegel, 1968), pp. 304–307. , p. 193. 13:43 P1: FCH/FFX P2: FCH/FFX 052124742Xc02 QC: FCH/FFX T1: FCH CB616-Ochs-v2 December 29, 2003 GALEN’S PHYSIOLOGY OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM 31 [4th ventricle], then the animal falls into a very heavy and pronounced stupor. 28 These effects, that Galen supposed were due to an interruption of the function of the 4th ventricle, were more likely to have been the result of damage to the underlying brain stem in which the vital functions were later found to be controlled.

26 (Clarke and Dewhurst, 1972). 1. Schematization of the cell doctrine. This example, given by Reisch in 1504, shows the cell at the front labeled sensus communis, fantasia, imaginitiva (common sense, imagination); and the middle cell labeled cogitava, estimativa (cognition, judgment), with the flow of animal spirts between them controlled by the vermis. The posterior cell is where memorativa (memory) is located. From (Singer, 1925), Figure 41. 27 The Greek Christian Aristotelean and literary scholar John Philoponus (fl.

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