By Trevor Yorke
Abbeys of the center a while stay one of the most brilliant of non secular structures. They have been equipped with a company feel of devotion, and with out fee spared, via groups which had a religion established upon venerable appreciate for the ability and authority of the Church. The grace and majesty in their building, and the gorgeous rural settings of such a lot of, cause them to an ideal vacation spot for viewers all year long. Trevor Yorke, utilizing diagrams, pictures and illustrations, explains the heritage of those constructions and describes how they have been utilized in the centuries sooner than the nice Dissolution through Henry VIII in 1536, which left such a lot of them in ruins.
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Extra info for Abbeys Monasteries and Priories Explained. Britain's Living History
The Augustinian canons attracted large congregations to hear their preaching and their houses were usually located near population centres in towns and cities, although some were founded on ancient monastic sites. The new orders of the early and mid 12th century sought sites to replicate the barren sands endured by the Desert Fathers, but in our wet climate they had to make do with wasteland, marsh or forest in remote corners of the country. The Cistercians are well known for finding such locations and are recorded as bravely hacking out an existence from these inhospitable places, especially in the north of England.
The boom in monastic foundations and new religious orders was drawing to a close. The church legislated in the 1220s that there should be no new orders, yet at the time the differences between the old ones, the Benedictines and the Cluniacs, and the later reformed orders, such as the Cistercians and the Premonstratensians, were disappearing. For all their attempts at isolation the Cistercians and others had, like the Cluniacs before them, become wealthy, influential and more involved in secular society, resulting in a relaxation of their austere rule.
The fortunate French abbey might despatch a couple of monks to manage the farm, land and church from a manor house complex, so that no monastery as such was built, while others founded small priories which operated along similar lines. The famous abbey at Bec in Normandy was granted such land, and this is still recorded in the English place-names of Weedon Bec in Northamptonshire and Tooting Bec in London. Because they transferred wealth to France, with little spiritual return, however, these establishments quickly became resented and in the anti-French fervour of the Hundred Years’ War (1337–1453), they were labelled ‘alien cells and foundations’ and were eventually abolished.