Download Access to History for the IB Diploma. Independence movements by Alan Farmer PDF

By Alan Farmer

Ensure your scholars have entry to the authoritative, in-depth and obtainable content material of this sequence for the IB background Diploma.

This sequence for the IB historical past degree has taken the readability, accessibility, reliability and in-depth research of our best-selling entry to historical past sequence and tailored it to higher healthy the IB learner's wishes. each one name within the sequence presents intensity of content material, focussed on particular subject matters within the IB background advisor, and exam tips on diverse exam-style questions - supporting scholars boost a great wisdom and realizing of the subject along the talents they should do well.

- guarantees scholars achieve an excellent knowing of the IB historical past subject via an attractive, in-depth, trustworthy and updated narrative - awarded in an obtainable method.

- is helping scholars to appreciate old matters and consider the facts, via supplying a wealth of appropriate resources and research of the historiography surrounding key debates.

- offers scholars information on answering exam-style questions with version solutions and perform questions

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The colony had a deeply divided society – a minority of French colonists, a free mixed-race community (known as gens de couleur), and bitterly aggrieved black and mulatto slaves – all similar to parts of Spanish America. A number of discriminatory laws forbade the gens de couleur from marrying whites, carrying weapons and from taking up certain professions. However, these regulations did not prevent them purchasing land. By 1789 they owned a third of plantation property and a quarter of Saint-Domingue’s slaves.

Why did the Bourbon reforms spark unrest? Bullion Uncoined gold and silver. Viceroy The governor of an area, appointed by and acting in the name of the monarch. Council of Indies The main body in Spain dealing with colonial matters. Alcabala A sales tax. l Intendants were appointed. They were a new variety of regional governors, holding broad executive and judicial powers and charged especially with developing economic activities and raising revenue. Resident in provincial towns (eight in Peru, twelve in Mexico), they reported to Madrid through superintendants in the viceregal capitals.

The plot failed and one of its leaders, a junior army officer, was hanged. Another republican conspiracy was foiled in Bahia in 1798. Ten of the 32 men arrested were tailors. Four leaders of the ‘Tailor’s Plot’ were hanged, drawn and quartered. The sheer size of Brazil made concerted action by rebels unlikely. Moreover, by the early 1800s Brazil’s elite regarded the Portuguese monarchy as a stabilizing force and could see no significant benefits accruing from independence. 50 Chapter 1: Independence movements in the Americas Colonial economy Colonial society Spanish American colonies Spanish weakness Colonial government Bourbon reforms Church reform Governmental reform Fiscal demands Control of trade American consciousness Peninsulares vs.

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