By Michael Lynch
The second one version of this best-selling identify has been revised and up-to-date to mirror the desires of the present standards. The name charts China's amazing and tumultuous improvement from the institution of the People's Republic in 1949 to Mao's dying in 1976. The ebook examines the common social and financial swap that resulted from the Communist revolution, together with the adjustments to agriculture, the five-year plans and the hundred-flowers crusade. It then is going directly to examine the explanations for the Cultural Revolution and its legacy. moreover the writer analyzes Mao's prestige as a political chief and his significance within the household advancements of China from 1949 to seventy six. during the e-book, key dates, phrases and concerns are highlighted, and historic interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are integrated to consolidate wisdom and realizing of the interval, and exam-style questions and information for every exam board give you the chance to improve examination talents.
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Extra resources for Access To History. The People's Republic of China 1949-76
The ﬁrst Five-Year Plan 1952–6 Under the plan the areas targeted for increased production were coal, steel and petrochemicals. Attention was also to be given to the development of a Chinese automobile and transport industry. As a morale-boost a number of spectacular civil-engineering projects were undertaken. An outstanding example was the construction of a vast road and rail bridge across the Yangzi (Yangtse) River at Nanjing (Nanking). 1. Care has to be taken with these statistics. As in the USSR under Stalin, so in the PRC under Mao, there was a tendency for ofﬁcials to massage the ﬁgures relating to economic performance.
The presence of party cadres checking on production targets meant that in many areas of industry there was what amounted to a large-scale conspiracy to adjust the ﬁgures so that they appeared as impressive as possible. Key question How far did the ﬁrst Five-Year Plan achieve its objectives? Key terms Mao’s early attempts to modernise the Chinese economy carried the stamp of Soviet inﬂuence. Impressed by the apparent success of Stalin’s Five-Year Plans in the USSR, Mao wanted the PRC to build on the same model.
This was because they were basically inefﬁcient, largely as a result of their abandoning any idea of incentives.