Download Atom and Individual in the Age of Newton: On the Genesis of by G. Freudenthal PDF

By G. Freudenthal

In this stimulating research, Gideon Freudenthal has associated social historical past with the background of technological know-how by way of formulating an engaging inspiration: that the meant impact of social thought might be obvious as genuine via its co­ herence with the method of formation of actual innovations. The reinterpre­ tation of the improvement of technology within the 17th century, now extensively influential, gets at Freudenthal's hand its such a lot persuasive assertion, most importantly as a result of his consciousness to the theoretical shape that is charac­ teristic. of classical Newtonian mechanics. He pursues the resources of the parallels that could be famous among that mechanics and the dominant philosophical platforms and social theories of the time; and in a desirable improvement Freudenthal indicates how a particularly special approach - as he descriptively labels it, the 'analytic-synthetic process' - which underlay the Newtonian kind of theoretical argument, was once because of definite interpretive premisses pertaining to particle mechanics. If he's correct, those depend on a specific degree of con­ ceptual fulfillment within the theories of either society and nature; extra, that the conceptual used to be generalized philosophically; yet, strikingly, Freudenthal indicates that this concept-formation itself was once associated with the explicit social kin of the days of Newton and Hobbes.

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Additional resources for Atom and Individual in the Age of Newton: On the Genesis of the Mechanistic World View

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The motion of each and every element can be determined relative to others. Since, however, the system as a whole is material and every element in principle is movable, no frame of reference must be presupposed as being at rest, relative LEIBNIZ'S FOUNDATIONS OF DYNAMICS 37 to which the motion could be determined as absolute. Every motion considered as such is thus merely relative. For every subsystem conservation laws can be determined - the conservation of relative velocity before and after a collision, the conservation of the quantity of motion in a particular direction - but they are always relative conservation laws, which are inconsequential for the system of the world as a whole.

Phil. 11,47). Leibniz's criticism of the laws of impact of Descartes is based on two principles: the principle of continuity and the principle of the equivalence of cause and effect. 21 "Datis ordinatis etiam quaesita sunt ordinata" - if the given (quantities) are ordered, then the quantities sought after are also (proportionally) ordered. From this it follows: if two instances (or data) approach each other continuously, so that one at last passes over into the other, it is necessary for their consequences or results (or what is sought) to do so also (Principe generate, GP III, 52; PPL, 351; cf.

Body' is the unity of mass and force. Uniform motion is thus not a state (status) but an action (actio), not an 'essential property' of matter but the result of the action of force and the reaction of mass. Differing from Newton's conception, Leibniz distinguishes here not between 'inertial motion' and acceleration but between rest and motion as such. The so-called 'inertial motion' is likewise an activity and presupposes "that inertia also constantly resists the ... motive force during its motion" (Letter to De VoIder, March 24/April3, 1699, GPII, 171;PPL, 517).

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