By Eugene W. Holland
This can be the 1st publication to use the rules of schizoanalysis to literary heritage and cultural stories. by way of resituating psychoanalysis in its socio-economic and cultural context, this framework offers a brand new and illuminating method of Baudelaire's poetry and artwork feedback. Professor Holland demonstrates the impression of army authoritarianism and the capitalist marketplace (as good as Baudelaire's much-discussed kin conditions) at the psychology and poetics of the author, who deserted his romantic idealism in want of a modernist cynicism that has characterised sleek tradition ever given that.
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Extra info for Baudelaire and Schizoanalysis: The Socio-Poetics of Modernism
Yet the goal of unmediated contact with reality is the informing principle of positivism, which emerges not coincidentally at just the same moment as literary modernism in France. 19 Though in a conventionally opposed sphere of culture, and aiming crucially for poetic rather than cognitive effects, Baudelaire, too, eschews established aesthetic codes to make reference to modern realities in some of his most charac- Introduction 17 teristically modern works. " Given the modernist repudiation of direct historical representation, the shifting dynamics of real reference in the poetry are considerably illuminated by consideration (in Part 11) of the more programmatic statements Baudelaire made about reference and modernity in his art criticism.
These historical Others preside over Baudelaire the romantic, Baudelaire the revolutionary, and Baudelaire the modernist, respectively. Butor's study is unusual and particularly significant for us because it avoids construing these Others on the Lacanianlinguistic model of the name-of-the-father: instead, Baudelaire's historical Others are shown to include quite diverse social entities — momentary as well as lasting, women as well as men, groups as well as individuals — with which Baudelaire entertains very different kinds of relationships.
The sensual experience of the color called " r e d " has become in Locke's empiricist view a mere "secondary " quality. The corresponding "primary quality" is (in our sense of the term) not a quality at all, but an abstract quantity: a range of the color-spectrum determined by measuring the wave-lengths of the light reflected. Operating in this case in the sphere of empirical science, decoding replaces the experience of sensible qualities with measurable quantities. As Weber suggests, while there may be a gain in manipulability of the empirical world to be had through "rationalized" attention to "primary" rather than "secondary" qualities, the price to be paid for such rationalization is the "disenchantment" of the world we inhabit as sentient human beings, which is rendered strictly meaningless in the process.