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By Wise

Inside technical evaluation sections on such rising components as bioprocessing, bioconversion, biosolubilization, biosystems and biocleaning, this handsomely illustrated reference in particular surveys pioneering paintings within the genetic construction of sulfatase enzymes for removal natural sulfur from coal; r

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Sample text

The addition of organisms that can metabolize hydrogen sulfide and carbonyl sulfide and subsequent coupling of these reactions to conventional gasification technology are required for the success of this initiative.  The development of such a novel approach to biological coal conversion will require the characterization of a wide range of organisms for co­oxidative properties, examination of the products of such reactions, and the subsequent design and scaleup of suitable reactors.  These concerns are especially important for the use of bioprocesses because of human health concerns as well as noxious effects on the environment.

The radius of these transport channels decreases with increasing rock pressure [35].  These coals are highly porous.  Few pores are present.  The anthracitic structure common in higher­rank coals with a carbon content of over 91%, where there is less cross­linking and a porous structure is again present.  35).  However, there may be particle breakdown and deformation at high pressures, closed pores may be opened up, and the angle of contact and surface tension of mercury in small pores are not known [37].

However, interest in possible applications has grown over the past few years and has been stimulated by the reported degradation of a North Dakota leonardite (an oxidized lignite) by the fungi Polyporus (Trametes) versicolor and Poria monticola [18], by the identification of microorganisms that attack bituminous coals [26], and by other work, particularly on sulfur removal.  The studies may also lead to new approaches for conventional chemistry as applied to coal. 1. 4 Model of bituminous coal structure.

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