By Hal K. Rothman
Nationwide parks performed a distinct function within the improvement of wildfire administration on American public lands. With a special undertaking and robust aspiring to the general public, the nationwide parks have been a psychic battleground for the contests among fireplace suppression and its use as a administration device. Blazing historical past tells how the nationwide parks formed federal hearth administration.
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Extra resources for Blazing Heritage: A History of Wildland Fire in the National Parks
4 million elsewhere, and certainly much more land that was not counted was burned as well. The ﬂedgling Forest Service was not equal to the task. At the time, individual foresters administered as much as 1 million acres, often by themselves. They possessed small budgets, with little access to additional resources. When foresters needed help, they recruited workers from local and regional populations. Sometimes, the agency went to cities in the region, such as Spokane, Washington, in order to ﬁnd people to ﬁght ﬁres.
In 1923, a California government agency had ruled against light burning. The 1924 Clarke-McNary Act, which allowed federal assistance and grants of aid for ﬁghting forest ﬁres, effectively turned ﬁre protection into the basis for cooperative forestry and federalstate relations, and light burning disappeared from discussions about ﬁre management. S. forests. The act provided an almost immediate inﬂux of cash. 25 Throughout the 1920s, the National Park Service worked to standardize management, creating not only an administrative infrastructure but also independent specialized divisions.
In 1917, ﬁre consumed more than 7,000 acres of park timber, and ﬁreﬁghting costs totaled $11,968. Two years later, more than 50,760 acres of timber burned, at a cost of $46,000 from the park budget. Most of the ﬁres resulted from railroad sparks, even though the Great Northern Railway aggressively cooperated to minimize the threat. 14 Superintendents looked at their predicament and the absence of a budget and recognized that creativity was essential if they were to combat the growing problem of ﬁre with any effectiveness.