By Global Forest Watch
Technological innovation can switch the way in which we deal with and shield our forests and surroundings. It offers us with the instruments we have to get actual and updated information regarding forests, and different ecosystems, and it presents the capacity to make this knowledge to be had to all people with a stake in ordinary assets. till lately, there has been little systematic wisdom concerning the stipulations of the world's forests. via this file our Canadian companions have documented that logging, mining, and different improvement that happens all through a lot of Canada's forests. the main various and efficient woodland ecosystems have gone through frequent fragmentation via roads and different entry routes and feature the majority in their quarter less than logging tenures. Canada is at a crossroads. Public sentiment and new govt rules point out an expanding dedication to handling forests not only for trees, but in addition for flora and fauna, leisure makes use of, cultural values, and different surroundings prone. even if, alterations at the flooring were gradual.
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Extra info for Canada's Forests at a Crossroads : An Assessment in the Year 2000 (Global Forest Watch Reports)
Like fire, insects and disease are a natural part of Canada’s forests. Two common forest insects that attack commercial forests in Canada are the spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana) and the tent caterpillar (Malacosoma disstria). Spruce budworm is common to boreal forests, but infestations have been most severe in Atlantic Canada, where extensive forest harvesting created conditions suitable for a budworm outbreak. The forest tent caterpillar is widely distributed across Canada and is a serious pest of trembling aspen.
58. 18 DIAND Yukon Forest Resources, Summation of Timber Harvesting, 1963 to Present. 19 DIAND Yukon Forest Resources, 1997/98 Timber Year Summary: Volumes Harvested. 10 DIAND Yukon Forest Resources, Preliminary Timber Supply Analysis For the Southern Yukon, 1998. , Review of Preliminary Timber Supply Analysis for the Southern Yukon (Whitehorse: Teslin Tlingit Council and Yukon Conservation Society, 1998). See also: Douglas, H. , Cortex Consultants, Review of the Preliminary Timber Supply Analysis of the Southern Yukon (Whitehorse: Department of Economic Development and Department of Renewable Resources of the Yukon Territorial Government, 1998).
Some forests have been logged twice or more, particularly in eastern Canada and the Maritimes, where there is a long history of logging activity. 57 Most forests are clearcut Clearcutting has been, and continues to be, the dominant harvesting practice. 60 The remaining 12 percent was logged using selection methods. The appropriateness of clearcutting is a matter of significant public debate in Canada. ) Figure 7. Productive Forest Land Harvested, 1975-1996 1,200 35 Total area harvested Clearcut 1,000 30 25 Percent 800 600 400 15 CANADA’S FORESTS AT A CROSSROADS Northwest Territories Yukon Manitoba Newfoundland Alberta Canada Saskatchewan British Columbia Quebec Ontario Prince Edward Island Nova Scotia Years Sources: (For data from 1920-1992) Environment Canada, Sustaining Canada’s Forests: Timber Harvesting, Technical Supplement No.