By Theodore Ziolkowski
Immediately after international warfare I, 4 significant eu and American poets and thinkers--W. B. Yeats, Robinson Jeffers, R. M. Rilke, and C. G. Jung--moved into towers as their vital habitations. Taking this awesome twist of fate as its start line, this publication units out to find smooth turriphilia in its cultural context and to discover the biographical situations that influenced the 4 writers to decide on their strange retreats. From the ziggurats of old Mesopotamia to the ivory towers of the fin de si cle, the writer strains the emergence of various symbolic institutions with the proud towers of the prior, starting from spirituality and mind to sexuality and sequestration.
But in each case the tower served either actually and symbolically as a shelter from the city modernism with whose values the 4 writers chanced on themselves at odds. whereas the vintage modernists (Eliot, Woolf, Hart Crane) frequently singled out the damaged tower because the photograph of a crumbling prior, those writers actualized their robust visions: Yeats and Rilke moved into medieval towers in eire and Switzerland, whereas Jeffers and Jung equipped themselves towers at Carmel and Bollingen as secluded areas within which to domesticate the traditions and values they loved. The final bankruptcy lines this perseverance of the traditional picture via its heyday within the twenties and into the current, the place it has gone through renewal, institutionalization, and parody.