By J.D. van Mansvelt
This paintings is an interdisciplinary, cross-cultural, widely-calibrated list for european sustainable panorama administration, that is meant to serve either as an analytical instrument of reference in addition to a layout software for neighborhood, local and eu coverage making on sustainable developments.
The instrument has been constructed out of a multidisciplinary research in european nations which used to be designed to determine what could be the total necessities for a sustainable administration of the panorama of rural parts. may perhaps those conditions be introduced jointly in a finished process with enough consistency to conform with the concept that the panorama is an entity, which will be controlled consequently? Cooperation of the clinical specialists with these eager about the sensible facet, and alternating plenary reporting with subgroup visits to farms within the rural landscapes of the members' international locations, allowed for the advance of a few actually interdisciplinary teamwork. natural agriculture has been integrated to determine how natural agriculture contributes to the agricultural panorama
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Extra resources for Checklist for Sustainable Landscape Management. Final report of the EU concerted action AIR3-CT93-1210: The Landscape and Nature Production Capacity of Organic/Sustainable Types of Agriculture
Objectives that a certain study subject should serves, give the final meaning or ultimate value of a criteria. Moreover, the health requirements for drinking water for children or other vulnerable groups differ from adults with a strong constitution. This means that one target may have several criteria. So there are also several targets a sustainable landscape management has to meet. For each target there are several criteria that can be used to assess the degree in which the management meets that target.
The optimum value varies, depending on soil type and climate. The optimum value of the seasonal and monthly indexes can also vary. 60). 5 (Kabourakis, 1996). It is important to link the SCI with the visible effects of soil erosion, which has to be prevented by the soil cover. 5 Crop rotation and crop mixture Crop rotation is a valuable tool for many purposes, such as weed control, control of certain soil- and residue-born pests and diseases, maintenance of soil structure and organic matter and recycling of plant nutrients (Halley and Soffe, 1988; Van Mansvelt and Mulder, 1993; Vereijken, 1996b).
However, these rates greatly exceed the average rate of soil formation, which is the rate of conversion of parent material into soils. 0 t/ha (Pimentel, 1993), and about 1 t/ha/year in temperate climates (Troeh and Thompson, 1993). 5 cm of topsoil under cropland conditions. From these figures. , 1995; Kabourakis, 1996). Pimentel et al. (1995) calculated the economic costs of soil erosion at 8 $ t/ha/year. This means on a global scale $400 billion per year, which is $70 per person per year. 16 per ton of eroded soil.