By Gossling, Stefan.; Upham, Paul
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Additional info for Climate Change and Aviation Issues, Challenges and Solutions
It is clear that research still has many questions to answer, not only in the fields of atmospheric physics and chemistry, but also economics, geography and sociology, and it is high time for politics to focus on the aviation sector. This book is an attempt to provide a comprehensive state-of-the-art review of the various issues and interrelationships of aviation and climate change from a variety of perspectives. It is our hope that it will be read widely to increase the interest in and understanding of this important topic.
Neiberger illustrates these trends with a case study of the global cut-flower industry. In Chapter 11, Sally Randles and Sarah Mander examine air transport demand from a sociological perspective. They adapt a metaphor of ratchets 18 CLIMATE CHANGE AND AVIATION originally applied in studies of labour-saving and comfort-providing household appliances, such as the washing machine, dishwasher and air conditioning (Shove, 2003). In the foregoing work, Elizabeth Shove documents how over recent decades in the industrialized world domestic habits have been changing in ways that have led and are leading to escalating and standardizing patterns of consumption.
Recent claims put forward by IATA (2008c) include for instance that fuel efficiency has improved by 20 per cent over the past 10 years, but it remains unclear on which comparison this figure is based. 5 per cent (UNWTO-UNEPWMO, 2008), that is far less than anticipated by the industry. Likewise, the claim that aircraft have become 75 per cent more fuel efficient over the past 40 years may be true, but as Peeters and Middel (2007) have so eloquently shown, going back 50 years in time, that is including earlier and more efficient piston engines, results may not be equally impressive.