By Sayaka Fukumi
The post-Cold conflict global has obvious the emergence of latest varieties of safety threats. while usually, defense threats have been perceived of by way of army threats opposed to a nation, non-traditional protection threats are those who pose a possibility to numerous inner capabilities of the kingdom and its id either domestic and in a foreign country. the ecu Union and the U.S. have pointed out Latin American cocaine trafficking as a safety risk, yet their coverage responses to it have differed. This ebook examines the way the ecu and US have conceptualized this probability. moreover, it explores the impression of cocaine trafficking on 4 country capabilities: fiscal, political, public order, and diplomatic, so as to clarify why it has turn into 'securitized'.Appealing to various college classes, this ebook is principally proper to safety stories and ecu and US coverage research, in addition to criminology and sociology.
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Extra info for Cocaine Trafficking in Latin America (Global Security in a Changing World)
Supported by illicit earnings, TCOs often trade in contraband goods and can supply commodities at cheaper prices than legitimate firms. 81 Consequently, the government loses large amounts of revenue and the healthy growth of the national economy may be prevented. 82 The weakness of legitimate corporations in the markets makes it difficult for some developing countries to reduce their narco-dependency since corporations operated by criminals are often the leading companies. 5 billion earnings from ‘money-laundered contraband’ entering Colombia untaxed.
166. , ‘Back to the Future: Instability After the Cold War’, International Security, Vol. 15, No. , ‘Idealist Internationalism and the Security Dilemma’, World Politics, 1950, Vol. 2, No. , The Prince, in Skinner, Q. , The State, War, and the State Securitisation and Drug Control Policy: Theoretical Frameworks 23 power through material gain, such as more land or resources. Security, therefore, is closely related to the physical damage to a state and state survival based on the sustainability of its territories.
Turning to the quality of a state, it is judged through its ability to perform state functions (political, economic and judicial) and its stability. A state’s identity and quality may be interchangeable, in the sense that the malfunction of the state could affect its identity, for example, a destabilised state and an inability to maintain public order would undermine its status in international society. The impact of non-traditional security threats to a state is complex and abstract. 62 Non-Traditional Security Threats and State Policy This section will focus on one of the non-traditional security threats, cocaine trafficking, in order to examine the nature of the threat and to investigate the implications of the conceptualisation of cocaine trafficking as a threat to state policy.