By Linda D. Molm
This ebook describes the development and result of a decade-long test on energy in social alternate kinfolk. trade theorists have regularly excluded punishment and coercion from their analyses; yet Molm examines no matter if alternate thought should be extended to incorporate present and coercive strength. She develops and exams a idea that emphasizes the interdependence of present and coercive energy, discovering that they're essentially varied, not just of their results on habit, but additionally within the incentive and the hazards of energy use.
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Extra info for Coercive Power in Social Exchange (Studies in Rationality and Social Change)
Some comparisons of direct and generalized exchange confound this structural distinction with aspects of the process of exchange, such as the timing of reciprocity or the stipulation of returns. For example, LeVi-Strauss (1969) argued that direct exchange relations always involve a quid pro quo mentality, strict accounting, and an emphasis on immediate reciprocity. Similarly, Sahlins's (1972) definition of balanced reciprocity, which is often equated with direct exchange, specified "transactions which stipulate return of commensurate worth or utility within a finite and narrow period" (1972:148).
Bierstedt 1950; Wrong 1979). If power can be determined only after the fact, by examining its effects on behavior or events, then defining power as a potential means little. What theorists mean by potential power also differs markedly. To exchange theorists, the potential for power resides in the structural relations of dependence that give some actors greater control over resources that others value and greater access to others who control resources that they value. , Bacharach and Lawler 1981; Blalock 1989; Chamberlain 1955; Coleman 1990; Lawler 1992).
Exchange relations develop over time as beneficial acts prompt reciprocal benefit; for example, a dinner invitation prompts a reciprocal invitation, or favorable treatment by one's employer. Because 12 Emerson's labels are somewhat misleading, for reciprocity is a defining feature of all forms of exchange, whether negotiated or nonnegotiated. In negotiated exchanges, however, one actor's reciprocity of another's benefits is not a separate choice; instead, actors jointly agree to exchange benefits.