By Luis M. Camarinha-Matos, Hamideh Afsarmanesh, Angel Ortiz
Development in collaborative networks maintains displaying more and more manifestations and has resulted in the attractiveness of Collaborative Networks (CN) as a brand new medical discipline. Contributions to CN coming from a number of reference disciplines has been generally investigated. in truth advancements in CN have benefited from contributions of a number of components, particularly laptop technological know-how, computing device engineering, communications and networking, administration, economic system, social sciences, legislations and ethics, etc. additionally, a few theories and paradigms outlined somewhere else were recommended by way of a number of learn teams as promising instruments to assist outline and signify rising collaborative organizational forms. even though nonetheless at first of some distance to move, there's a turning out to be wisdom within the learn and educational international, for the necessity to identify a more robust theoretical origin for this new self-discipline and a few fresh works are contributing to this target. From a utilitarian viewpoint, agility has been mentioned as some of the most attractive features of collaborative networks to stand the demanding situations of a quick altering socio-economic context. notwithstanding, over the past years it turned extra glaring that discovering the appropriate companions and developing the mandatory preconditions for beginning an efficient collaboration method are either high priced and time eating actions, and for this reason an inhibitor of the aimed agility. between others, stumbling blocks comprise lack of know-how (e.g. non-availability of catalogs with normalized profiles of enterprises) and shortage of preparedness of enterprises to affix the collaborative process. Overcoming the mismatches caused by the heterogeneity of strength companions (e.g. modifications in infrastructures, company tradition, equipment of labor, and company practices) calls for substantial investment. development belief, a pre-requisite for any powerful collaboration, isn't elementary and calls for time. consequently the powerful production of really dynamic collaborative networks calls for a formal context during which power contributors are ready to speedily get engaged in collaborative processes. the idea that of breeding atmosphere has hence emerged as an immense facilitator for wider dissemination of collaborative networks and their useful materialization. The PRO-VE'05 held in Valencia, Spain, maintains the sixth occasion in a chain of profitable operating meetings on digital enterprises. This ebook comprises chosen papers from that convention and will develop into a helpful instrument to all of these drawn to the advances and demanding situations of collaborative networks.
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Extra info for Collaborative Networks and Their Breeding Environments: IFIP TC 5 WG 5. 5 Sixth IFIP Working Conference on VIRTUAL ENTERPRISES, 26-28 September 2005, ... in Information and Communication Technology)
517-34, Harvard University Press, 2000 11. , "Building trust and collaboration in a virtual team". In Team Performance Management: An Intemational Joumal, Vol. 7 No. 3-4,2001, p. 36-47 12. , "The Balanced Scorecard - Measures that Drive Performance", Harvard Business Review, January-February, p. 71-79, 1992 13. , "Partnership for Profit: Structuring and Managing Strategic Alliances", The Free Press, New York, NY, 1990 14. , "Understanding Value Creation: the Value Matrix and the Value Cube", PhD thesis, Strathclyde University, Glasgow, 2003 15.
Recent developments in the peer-to-peer (P2P) computing field allow this pattern to be implemented. This approach results in a more flexible topology for virtual formations and bridges the gap between the isolated 'islands' thus forming a business to business grid that widens the possibilities for collaboration and increases their availability to business partners. In the LAURA network context there are two types of peers: • Domain Hubs, acting on behalf of SMEs, which are not capable of using LAURA business collaboration service themselves • Advanced SMEs, using the LAURA collaboration service connected to their back-office and/or ERP systems Project JXTA provides a simple and generic framework for P2P networking and provides a base P2P infrastructure over which other P2P applications can be built.
The term CN is used in this article to represent collaborative forms such as virtual enterprises, extended enterprises, networked enterprises, professional virtual communities, and other emerging collaborative forms, with similar proprieties. Miers (Miers, et. , 2002): 1. Dominant organization with a network of suppliers. This model is often used within large organizations, where one dominant player sets the main rules and uses a network of small firms to meet its needs and those of its customers.