By Peter Grose
Inheritor to the educational think-tank known as The Inquiry that ready Woodrow Wilson for the Paris Peace convention in 1919, the Council on international relatives has ever considering the fact that stuffed a distinct and sometimes debatable position within the heritage of America's twentieth century. inner most and nonpartisan, endowed and financed over the a long time through invited contributors, the recent York-based Council has been known as an incubator of rules. From its book-lined assembly rooms and the pages of its booklet international Affairs has come a lot of the main provocative considered international coverage because the isolationist period of the Twenties, via international conflict II and the chilly War--and now past. This clean and casual historical past of the Council's first seventy five years displays the various voices of Council participants, who've been influential in either political events, all presidential administrations following Wilson's, and on competing aspects of significant concerns. documents of Council conferences show lively discord and dissent at the difficulties of the day: to go into the battle opposed to fascism or positioned the United States First, approximately ideology and economics within the containment of communism, the effect of nuclear guns upon international relations, reputation of communist China, the yankee struggle in Vietnam, and now the form of the post-Cold struggle foreign order. The Council in its deliberations mirrors, in addition to defines, the competing ideas for the society at huge.
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Extra resources for Continuing the Inquiry: The Council on Foreign Relations from 1921 to 1996 (Council on Foreign Relations (Council on Foreign Relations Press))
The heavyweights were in attendance, their swords unsheathed. The 36 members of the study group had tentatively voted on the question of publishing the Franklin draft; 16 seemed inclined to accept it, 5 were likely to vote against, and 15 could not yet make up their minds. ) Leading the charge against the Franklin draft at the plenary was the secretary of the Council’s board of directors, Frank Altschul. Though a colleague of Schubart in the investment community, he allowed for no benefit of doubt or deal.
Schubart, a veteran of the War and Peace Studies, pressed on. “I think we can be hard-boiled and just, without doing harm,” he told the Council. “The main thing is to be sure that we are not asking for something unreasonable” of the Soviet Union. Specifically, he was pressing for endorsement of a $6 billion loan from the United States to finance Soviet imports for postwar reconstruction. ” Bidwell, speaking for the Council’s academic staff, concurred. ” All the ambiguities that colored American thinking toward the Soviet Union in the first postwar year were embodied in the Council’s study group that winter of 1945–46.
The Council’s home on East 65th Street, so grand when acquired after the Wall Street crash, was proving hopelessly inadequate for these expansions. In 1944 the widow of Harold Irving Pratt, a director of Standard Oil of New Jersey and a faithful Council member since 1923, donated the family’s four-story mansion, at the southwest corner of 68th Street and Park Avenue, for the Council’s use. ) John D. , led a slate of 200 members and companies who volunteered funds to convert the gracious residence into offices, meeting rooms, and an institutional library.