Download Cuentos by Anton Chekhov PDF

By Anton Chekhov

«En Chéjov es más importante lo que sucede por debajo de los angeles piel del cuento que l. a. piel del cuento misma.» José María Guelbenzu, El País

«Lo más importante, y lo que más grata hace los angeles lectura de estos cuentos, es que el escritor ruso consigue provocar en el lector sensaciones y emociones, pese a los angeles amargura que invade su obra.» Solodelibros

Este volumen reúne sesenta cuentos de Chéjov cuidadosamente seleccionados y traducidos por Víctor Gallego con l. a. intención de que el lector español disponga de una antología extensa y representativa de l. a. narrativa breve del gran escritor ruso. Prescindiendo de las novelas cortas, ofrece una panorámica amplia y en muchas ocasiones inédita en nuestra lengua del cuento chejoviano, desde las implacables piezas humorísticas de sus primeros años hasta las complejas composiciones de su última época, en un arco cronológico que abarca de 1883 a 1902.

Nabokov definía al héroe chejoviano como «un hombre bueno incapaz de hacer el bien», que «combina l. a. más profunda decencia de que es capaz el ser humano con una incapacidad casi ridícula para poner en práctica sus principles y principios». Actos y decisiones que salvan una vida o una fortuna pero que acarrean sentimientos de desprecio por quien los lleva a cabo, cambios impredecibles e inexplicados que se producen en un tiempo relámpago pero que pueden determinar toda una vida, «un deseo indefinido» que al realizarse nunca alcanza los angeles conciencia de satisfacción... Chéjov buscaba transmitir, reproducir l. a. fluidez acaso sin rumbo de l. a. vida, no sólo pintando estados de ánimo, sino siendo capaz de crearlos en el lector. Tal vez sea éste el secreto que desde el principio ambicionaron sus contemporáneos y luego sus seguidores, de Katharine Mansfield a Raymond Carver, y l. a. razón de l. a. vigencia de su estilo, aún hoy emulado.

Antón Pávlovich Chéjov nació en Taganrog, a orillas del mar de Azov, en el sur de Rusia, en 1860. Hijo de un modesto comerciante, antiguo siervo que había conseguido comprar su libertad, así como l. a. de su mujer y sus hijos, hizo sus primeros estudios en su ciudad natal. En 1879 ingresó en l. a. Facultad de Medicina de l. a. Universidad de Moscú: «La familiaridad con las ciencias naturales y con los métodos científicos –escribiría– siempre me ha tenido en guardia, y siempre he intentado, cuando ha sido posible, ser coherente con los hechos de los angeles ciencia, y, cuando no lo ha sido, he preferido no escribir». Desde el primer curso empezó a publicar «cuadros humorísticos» en revistas, con los que conseguía mantener a toda su familia (su padre, endeudado, su madre y sus hermanos habían tenido que trasladarse con él a Moscú), y pocos años después ya period un escritor profesional reconocido. 1888 fue un año clave en su carrera: publicó su novela corta La estepa (ALBA CLÁSICA núm. LIII, junto con En el barranco), escribió su primera obra teatral, Ivanov, y recibió el premio Pushkin. En 1890 viajó a l. a. isla de Sajalín, «con l. a. intención de escribir un libro sobre nuestra colonia penal», que aparecería al año siguiente con el título de La isla de Sajalín.

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Extra resources for Cuentos

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He falls in love with an actress, Florence Dearholt; he and Emma divorce. Concerned that he is not considered a serious writer, he writes several pieces under pseudonyms, including an epic poem about Genghis Khan; most are rejected. 1935 Edgar and Florence marry; they spend their honeymoon sailing and learning to surf in Hawaii. 1940 In response to financial difficulties, Burroughs and his family move to Hawaii. 1941 Florence leaves Edgar, who consequently suffers from ill health and depression; the two divorce.

Formula fiction works on the principle of wish-fulfillment, providing stories that present quick, potent resolutions to dilemmas while dispelling anxiety and denying ambivalence. In this fantasy world there are no opposing desires, certainly no internal conflicts or moral quandaries. When Tarzan舗s rearing by apes comes into tension with his hereditary human instincts, such as when he considers eating the flesh of his first human victim or when he has Jane within his power, heredity wins out without a struggle, and we learn that Tarzan has no cannibalistic urges and that he possesses an innate chivalry.

What Burroughs fantasized about Africa and put into his novels was to have a significant influence on future images of the continent in our culture (including stereotype-laden safari rides at amusement parks), but what Burroughs depicted was fully in accord with the cliched beliefs about Africa and Africans held in 1912 by many Americans. In this period, at the peak of European colonial adventurism and exploitation, Africa was to most Americans a place of jungles, 舠primitive舡 people, and wild, ferocious animals.

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