By Huw Dylan
Through the moment international struggle British intelligence supplied politicians and squaddies with beneficial wisdom. Britain was resolute to keep up this virtue following victory, however the wartime equipment was once uneconomical, unwieldy, and wrong for peace. Drawing on oral testimony, overseas information, and personal papers, Defence Intelligence and the chilly War offers the 1st historical past of the hitherto little-known agency designed to maintain and enhance British power in army and military-related intelligence for the chilly warfare: the Joint Intelligence Bureau (JIB).
Headed through basic Eisenhower's wartime intelligence guy, significant basic Kenneth powerful, the JIB was once vital to the project to secret agent on and comprehend the Soviet Union, and the wider Communist global. It did so from its construction in 1946 to its lead to 1964, whilst it shaped a valuable component to the recent Defence Intelligence employees. This quantity finds hitherto hidden elements of Britain's venture to map the Soviet Union for nuclear battle, the fight to appreciate and include the economies of the USSR, China, and North Korea in peace and through the Korean warfare, and the pressing problem to appreciate the character and scale of the Soviet bomber and missile hazard within the Nineteen Fifties and Nineteen Sixties. The JIB's committed paintings in those fields received it the help of a few politicians and army males, however the enmity of others who observed the centralised service provider as a probability to conventional army intelligence. The intelligence officials of the JIB waged chilly warfare not just with Communist adversaries but additionally in Whitehall.
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Extra info for Defence Intelligence and the Cold War: Britain's Joint Intelligence Bureau 1945-1964
It filtered and processed material from the geographical divisions, JIB 2, 3, and 4, and directed their priorities. 153 Its responsibilities were split between three subdivisions, the most significant of which was the Procurement subdivision (JIB 1 (a)). 154 It was also responsible for liaison with other procuring units, including SIS, CIU, Directorate of Military Surveys, and subsidiary JIBs abroad. 156 Each would provide chapters to JIB handbooks as required. Pressure from the Treasury forced changes to this design.
The Papers of Dr Alan John Pitts Crick, Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, King’s College, London. 143 Pressure from the Treasury to only partially staff the Bureau vied with pressures to retain as many talented officers as possible in the face of demobilization. 145 This was approved and much experience was retained. Assistant directorships were filled by Brigadier G. R. Way, formerly of the War Office, and Mr R. E. McEuan from the Foreign Office. Brigadier Way was a career soldier who, during the war, had served as Deputy Director of Military Intelligence in the War Office and Commanded a Liaison Unit in the Middle East.
71 He believed that it was impossible to consider the question of economic intelligence separate from intelligence as a whole. 72 His suggestion was welcomed by several members of the JIC, each of whom set out simultaneously to defend the interests of his particular service. 74 But everyone agreed that the improvements in efficiency and cooperation developed during the war, and the central role of the JIC, should be maintained. H. 76 The matter of economic intelligence would not wait for their recommendations.