Download Fundamentals of Natural Gas - An International Perspective by Vivek Chandra PDF

By Vivek Chandra

Traditional fuel has been known as “the prince of hydrocarbons,” an considerable source that's flexible and aggressive with different fuels and renowned during the international. the appearance of more recent applied sciences which could carry typical gasoline to all over the world markets, coupled with its attractiveness as a clean-burning, effective power resource, make ordinary fuel the foreign “fuel of the future.” This ebook offers a radical figuring out of the whole normal gasoline price chain, together with specified dialogue of rising sectors reminiscent of Liquefied traditional fuel (LNG), Gas-To-Liquid (GTL), and Coal mattress Methane (CBM). fuel phrases, conversion devices, commercialization and advertising matters, in addition to present and rising overseas gamers, and the most recent in know-how improvement are lined.
Content:
entrance subject
• desk of Contents
1. the fundamentals
2. shipping and garage
three. fuel utilization
four. Contracts and undertaking improvement
five. global alternate
• end
Appendices
• word list
Index

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Example text

The Skikda LNG plants in Algeria, and the Libyan plant, all commissioned in the 1970s, first adopted this process. Since then, most LNG plants (with the exception of Trinidad, Egypt, Bayu-Undan in Australia, and the future Qatargas 3) have used a variation of this process. 56 Transport and Storage Fig. 2–10 The mixed refrigerant process Air Products improved the mixed refrigerant process, marketing it as the Multi-Component Refrigerant process. To increase process efficiency, the system first precools the gas to –30°C by propane in a process similar to the first circuit of the cascade process.

It is usually stored and moved at cold temperatures and at low pressure. Gas converted to LNG can be transported by ship over long distances where pipelines are neither economic nor feasible. At the receiving location, liquid methane is offloaded from the ship and heated, allowing its physical phase to return from liquid to gas. This gas is then transported to gas consumers by pipeline in the same manner as natural gas produced from a local gas field. The LNG process is more complex than pipeline transportation.

The Skikda LNG plants in Algeria, and the Libyan plant, all commissioned in the 1970s, first adopted this process. Since then, most LNG plants (with the exception of Trinidad, Egypt, Bayu-Undan in Australia, and the future Qatargas 3) have used a variation of this process. 56 Transport and Storage Fig. 2–10 The mixed refrigerant process Air Products improved the mixed refrigerant process, marketing it as the Multi-Component Refrigerant process. To increase process efficiency, the system first precools the gas to –30°C by propane in a process similar to the first circuit of the cascade process.

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