By Makoto Kitada
The Sangītaratnākara («The Ocean of Music») written by way of Śārngadeva within the thirteenth century is an important theoretical paintings on Indian classical tune. Its prologue, the Pindotpatti-prakarana («The component to the bobbing up of the Human Body»), offers with the Indian technological know-how of the human physique, i.e. embryology, anatomy, and the Hathayogic heory of Cakras. The assets of this paintings are present in the classical clinical texts (Āyurveda) equivalent to Caraka, Suśruta and Vāgbhata, the Hathayogic texts in addition to within the encyclopaedic texts (Purāna). After philologically examining the mutual relation and history of those texts, the writer demonstrates the explanations why the human physique is defined during this musicological paintings. His research unearths the Indian mystic considered physique and sound. This research, even though an Indological one, is an try to resolution the common query what track is, i.e. how song is created within the human physique, what the impression of track at the human physique is, and what track goals at. the second one half the booklet comprises a translation of the unique textual content of the Pindotpatti-prakarana, together with commentaries, with lots of annotations.
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Additional info for The Body of the Musician: An Annotated Translation and Study of the Pindotpatti-prakarana of Sarngadeva's Sangitaratnakara
95, kaӜҢar» in the English translation). This might suggest that Ĕ»rӞgadeva’s ancestors in Kashmir belonged to the surgical school mentioned by the SU. 6. Anatomical theory of vocal manifestation by ancient Indian musicologists The authors of Indian classical musicological texts seem to have been interested in the mechanism of the human body since the period before the SR. e. skin (tvac), blood, flesh, fat, bone, marrow and semen. L. 8ܩ9). The sage Tumburu. Bޠhaddeĕå, 3, anuccheda 4. Cf. L.
10,7ff, discusses this problem. 7. Embryology in musicological works As for the topic of embryology, the SR is not the only musicological text that treats this topic. For instance, the Bh»vaprak»ĕana, the above-mentioned dramaturgical text, in its seventh adhik»ra, treats it in relationship with music. Also, the SaӞgåtas»roddh»ra, a musicological text which is chronologically later than the SR, briefly mentions embryology. 71 The reason for this is concisely explained by Ĕ»rӞgadeva, the author of the SR.
1. SaӞgåtaratn»kara and its PiӠҦotpattiprakaraӠa As I have explained in the Prologue of this work, the musicological text SaӞgåtaratn»kara (SR), which was written by Ĕ»rӞgadeva in the 13th century, is considered the second most important musicological treatise after Bharata’s N»Ԇyaĕ»stra. Its author, Ĕ»rӞgadeva, came from a family of physicians which had its roots in Kashmir and was under the patronage of the Y»dava dynasty in the Deccan. Ĕ»rӞgadeva himself was a minister of King SiӞghanadeva who belonged to that dynasty.