By Lucille H. Campey
Belfast, Prince Edward Island, based in August 1803, owes its life to Lord Selkirk. Its bicentennial is a well timed reminder of Selkirk's paintings in Canada, which prolonged past Belfast to Baldoon (later Wallaceburg) in Ontario, in addition to to crimson River, the precursor to Winnipeg. Aptly named ''The Silver Chief'' by means of the 5 Indian chiefs with whom he negotiated a land treaty at crimson River, the 5th Earl of Selkirk spent a huge fortune in aiding Scottish Highlanders relocate themselves in Canada.
Selkirk has been good saw in the course of the eyes of the wealthy and strong, yet his settlers were overlooked. Why did they depart Scotland? Which districts did they arrive from? Why did they settle in Canada? Why did Selkirk aid them? How winning have been their settlements? What impression did they've got on Canada’s early improvement? Did Selkirk detect his pursuits for Canada?
In answering those questions, Lucille H. Campey offers a brand new and strong case for re-assessing the achievements of Selkirk and his settlers. utilizing a wealth of documentary resources, she reconstructs the series of emigration from Scotland to the 3 parts of Canada the place settlements have been based. She exhibits that emigration happened in a gently deliberate and regulated method. She finds the self-reliance, adaptability and steely selection of the Selkirk settlers in overcoming their many difficulties and stumbling blocks. They introduced their wealthy traditions of Scottish tradition to Canada and, in doing so, helped to safe its distinctively Canadian destiny. jointly, Selkirk and his settlers succeeded opposed to overwhelming odds and adjusted the process history.
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Extra resources for The Silver Chief: Lord Selkirk and the Scottish Pioneers of Belfast, Baldoon and Red River
18. 8 116. 0 Success at Belfast, Prince Edward Island Lot Purchaser}" No. 60 62 Acreage Angus McMillan ^Alexander McArthur John Sillers (50 acres in 1803 @ 5. 0 per acre and 50 acres in 1805@ 10. 0 per acre) Kine McKenzie (18035. 0 per acre 1805 10. 0 per acre) tfDugald Ball (about) Donald McRae Snr #Alexander McKenzie John Nicolson #Kenneth McKenzie (brought 100 acres in 1805 @ 9. 0 per acre £45 and 100 acres in 1806 @ 10. 0 per acre £50) Angus Beaton & John Beaton & Donald Beaton & John McPherson & (50 acres for service) Donald Ross (Most of the money paid by these five lodged at Portree, Scotland) Finlay McRae (50 acres @ 5.
8 85. 3. 0 45 70. 0. 0 1805/6 1806 THE SILVER CHIEF Acreage Lot No.
53 As Selkirk had predicted, his Highlanders displayed a natural aptitude for pioneer life. "54 He contrasted them with John Laird, the American he had met, who lived at lot 50. In just eight years Laird had cleared 50 acres. " Not being able to "deny himself luxuries," Laird had built a far better house and had taken much longer to free himself from debt. "55 The Belfast settlers "applied themselves with vigour" and by the next Spring achieved the remarkable result of having cleared their lands, ready for planting, even "though the work was of a nature so totally 36 Success at Belfast, Prince TLdward Island Memorial at Belfast, commemorating the 800 Highlanders who arrived in August 1803.